Discovering the History of a Titan I Base


By Jonathan H

Liquid Oxygen Terminal - Titan Base

On Memorial Day of 2007, and then again in December, I visited two separate Titan I missile sites. The first was quite the introduction. The second was mind-blowing. There are no words to describe being in what is perhaps the world’s largest underground missile complex. In fact, I’ve tried more than once, and in my mind have not achieved an adequate description. Last month, I clicked on a random link and encountered the narrative of another man who had done the same. His words, and his story came much closer to describing the feeling in detail. Even better, this man knew all of the intricacies of the base. He was a true savant of Titan I – and probably the foremost non-military expert of these historic bases. I contacted him and asked if he would be willing to talk about his experience and he readily agreed. Though he prefers to be known here only by his first name, he was more than willing to tell me his story.

Discovering a “Titan” in an Early Tour

It was 1993 and Pete had just moved into Colorado. He managed to come in contact with someone who gave him a tour of one of the nearby sites. “This man had been there once before and had taken some pictures,” Pete said, “but he didn’t really have much in the way of technical information, he simply knew they were there.” Pete’s first impression was much the same as mine: “I was amazed at the scale,” he said.

color map

Years passed, and around 1998 Pete had casually mentioned his visit to a friend, who had become so interested in the Titan site that he developed a business plan around its purchase. That’s how Pete originally got full, unfettered access. It was the beginning of a long-term obsession and the start of detailed foray into the operations and the minutiae of the entire base.

A Dash-1 Opens Doors

In the following months, Pete and two others descended deep into the snakelike passageways of the base discovering bits of the past along the way. With cameras and bright sources of continuous illumination in tow, Pete was able to capture – unlike anyone I’ve known before – the entire Titan complex. Every nook, every tunnel seems to be covered in detail. His site ( is filled with what were once top secret blueprints of each staircase and ladder, the silos, terminals, emergency escapes and air shafts. In fact, all of this would perhaps not have been possible had Pete not encountered a serendipitous find: Buried deep beneath stacks of junk, in a small room next to the power dome, Pete had found a complete Dash-1.

Launch Control Center

What is a Dash-1? It is essentially the technical manual to a Titan 1 complex (You can download a Dash-1 here 75MB – PDF) . “Typically a lot of documents were destroyed,” Pete told me, “A lot of the [documents] I saw down there I haven’t seen anywhere.” Within the 120 lbs of papers he would come to know the inner workings of Titan I’s operation – even the most mundane of activities, including detailed instructions on how to clean the launch console. Pete was able to glean all he needed to know from the Dash-1 and the nearby  materials. It was his source book for his next project. “I had a big set of blueprints for the Titan base and I thought I could translate these things into a game map,” Pete told me matter-of-factly.

Power Dome - Titan 1 Blueprint

The Original Blueprint of the Titan Power Dome

Titan Three-Dimensional Schematic

Pete’s Three-dimensional Map of the Power Dome and nearby structures of the Titan base.

On his own, on evenings and weekends, in the period of about six months and comprising well over 100 hours worth of work, he constructed a detailed three-dimensional game environment that depicts what it feels like to be inside of an entire Titan base. As someone who has been inside of a base thrice, I could honestly say that it was an eerie and realistic journey back into those spaces. It sparked memories of visits to the silo that I didn’t know existed. I had felt the same feeling that came upon me as I looked down into the empty void of the silo – and it all happened from my laptop. I knew I had to talk to the man who created this game map.

Get the Flash Player to see the wordTube Media Player.

Titan I Adventures in Narrative

As an interviewee, Pete is quite modest, but modest men are usually those who have the most to be proud of. I know for a fact that nobody but Pete (other than perhaps a few military contractors and past base personnel) could tell me the thickness of concrete inside of the power dome (“less than two feet thick of reinforced concrete at the apex”). The research alone – including the images, which I’ve seen nowhere else despite all of my own former efforts at researching the bases, are telling witness to his fastidiousness. Pete had an explanation for each intricate, working part. For example, he knew the weight of the missile (“in excess of 200,000 pounds”); he knew that the emergency exits were once full of sand (“A winch lowered the hatch safely as the sand poured in and the tunnel cleared”); and he even knew the dirtiest, grittiest details (literally) – the bathroom fixtures were built to be entirely shock proof, the toilets of which are probably the only toilets in the world sitting on shock absorbers.

Titan Silo Photo

The facility seems to resurrect itself through Pete’s descriptions. Everything becomes an anthropomorphic organ. The power dome is the “heart” of the site, and the control center (a much smaller dome, but no less important) its “brain.” One gets the sense of a massive, underground living organism, precision-engineered to deliver deadly weapons. Its proper operation is contingent on so many working parts that it almost becomes impossible to fathom how these things ran smoothly with little mishap and few fatalities.

Construction Image of the Titan Base

Then there are the construction images… I’m sure Pete spent nearly as much time researching the bases as he did creating the 3-D fly-through of the base. I have never seen construction photos in such detail. Pete was able to dig up images from inside the silo, artistically captured in dramatic lighting and angle. The airman stands on the crib structure; to the side of him is a massive Titan I Missile. Off-gassing liquid oxygen seems to move within the image. The ominous weapon of mass destruction sits — peacefully, ironically — in its crib awaiting orders.

In fact, I myself have received messages from airmen who served within the Titan bases during the most chilling moments of the Cold War. Some recall the tense few months of standoff during the Cuban Missile Crisis. It was perhaps the proudest moment in the history of Titan I and an unplanned yet convenient justification for their construction.

Peter approaches such facts neutrally and without agenda. He seems to see the sites as, primarily, a gigantic artifact ideal for study through observation. Never once do the political or moral implications enter into his narrative. It’s almost refreshing to see his approach materialize. It truly is a rare thing to have such a vast and time-consuming project not become something of a moral crusade.

Pete’s Final Days in the Titan Base

launch clocks titan

For Pete, though, Politics was too small (or too big?) of a subject to take up when his mind was set on one thing: The complete and unhindered exploration of the base. After all of the webpages one navigates in his site, the crux of it all is saved for last. Clicking through the blueprints you eventually find yourself at the silos themselves. Punctuated by photographs from its operation are the personal reflections of a man obsessed: “The missile is protected within the silo by 2 silo doors, each weighing around 115 tons each and opened and closed hydraulically by 2 pistons that control movement in both directions. Within this steel and concrete chrysalis, the missile rests atop its launcher platform, ensconced within a massive steel cribwork comprising the launcher system where it waits for the orders that will transform it from a mass of inert metals and propellants into a weapon of terrible power.”

In those sentences I finally saw it all. Those of you who have been inside of the silo know the bare nature of the huge cylinder of air. Today, the crib structure is largely absent from all but one or two of the sites today. Instead, what occupies the space is – well – space. And before reading Pete’s description I could finally imagine what it was really like.

Pete knew what he had to do next. His window of opportunity was closing. Pete writes on his site: “There was one place I had seen precious little of, and another I had not seen at all. With my mind completely gone, I set about planning on how to see the catwalk level of the silos.” With only a few months left of access, Pete set out alone towards Silo #3. With a rough sketch of his route planned, he decided to make the climb. Below him was 100 feet of standing water full of volatile organic compounds and god-knows-how-many-dead-rats; above was the catwalk. Between him and the catwalk was a hodge-podge of service pipes, bones of crib beams, and conduits.

Pete went up with no climbing equipment or buddy. His journey was pure madness, but a type of madness that he doesn’t regret. “I can’t say that I wouldn’t do that again.” he frankly told me. “After a while you kind of forget what you see and curiosity sets in again. I just had to see it while I had the opportunity.”

Looking Ahead

As Pete finished up his conversation with me, I knew I wanted to know what final thing: What did he think would happen to these sites. Where will they be in 100, or even 1000 years? I had my own answer, but I knew his take would be much more interesting. He approached my question with a moment of silent thought.

His wheels were turning. He was contemplating the engineering of the site, the thickness of concrete. The supercomputer inside his brain (like any human brain, multiples more powerful than the actual nerve center of the Titan I) was quickly figuring out his answer. Pete said he thinks these bases will remain beyond even 1000 years from now.

“I was peering underneath the deck plating in Tunnel Junciton #10 near the large raw water conduit leading to the tank and spied the only living thing I ever found in the site: A lone salamander.”

His answer was a surprise to me and it only led to a hypothetical soothsayer’s look into these vast, underground ruins. If Rome had its roads and China had its wall – would these voids become monuments to our civilization’s ingenuity long after we’re gone? Will America be known for its military might through these giant sites? Or will we create something even larger and more dramatic to put civilizations centuries ahead of us in awe?

I said goodbye to Pete and closed the screen of my laptop. It was an unusually warm day in San Francisco as I walked down Mission Street. Still, such bright surroundings — sunshine and fresh fruit on sidewalks — couldn’t take my mind off of one thing. Among the many things Pete had seen underground they were mostly dead things, whether they were the rats that had fallen into the 150-foot silo; the unfortunate rabbits that catapulted themselves into an emergency exit portal that went five stories down; or even the garter snake that had somehow navigated its way into the control center only to find itself famished until it had become a skeleton.

Despite the myriad of journeys he took, Pete had never seen a living creature until one of his last trips underground. There, in the bottom of the deck plating of Tunnel Junction #10 he saw a tiny creature fully functioning and alive. The image stayed indelibly imprinted in my mind as an emblematic metaphor.

Then again, I’m always trying to inject meaning into everything. Maybe it was exactly how Pete described it. Maybe it really was just a “lone salamander.”

Related Information

  1. Pete’s Web Site, which is entirely devoted to the Titan 1.
  2. InfoBunker, where Pete’s current project resides, in Iowa.
  3. Album of images of a Titan base in California, here on Terrastories.
  4. Full transcript of the interview with Pete.

28 comments on “Discovering the History of a Titan I Base

  1. upshift on said:


  2. Pingback: Interview with a Titan 1 Conniosseur - Bearings

  3. Pingback: IT Security » Blog Archive » Datacenter Colo in a Titan Missile Base…Military Secrets Revealed

  4. Blaize on said:

    Thanks for this one. Mindblowing stuff.

  5. Cameron Meyer on said:

    This is great! Every time I see an old factory or structure, I want to go explore it and learn about it’s history. Thanks for making this information so accessible and entertaining.

    Cameron for My Wonderful World

  6. AmyHeiden on said:

    What an incredible story Jon. I truly enjoyed reading this and was blown away by all the information. Great job!

  7. Pingback: Would love to have a nose around a missile silo | elliot tucker

  8. My dad was a Missleman who was on the crew that had the first successful military launch of a Titan I. I was actually born on Beale AFB right before my dad was discharged from the Air Force. I have always been proud of him and what he did. I would love to write a book about his experiences, but I am not much of an author. I have some pics of him and his crew that I will have to find and post.

  9. I dig that replica! That looks like a BSP engine. Maybe Counterstrike? The first Half-Life? For HL2DM cooperative play I made a reasonably accurate replica of a Titan 2 silo! Those were a hell of a lot smaller than the Titan 1 silos. It’s full size and highly detailed, though I had to take a few liberties with the design in places for gameplay’s sake. The missile even launches at the end of the game! It’s called “coop_wardogs_v5”.

  10. Pingback: Photos from inside an abandoned Titan missile silo |

  11. Peter Hymans on said:

    John: I am writing a book and would love to correspond with your father and see the pictures.
    Please contact me.

  12. I have read through most of this posting,

  13. un- believable!!!!

  14. Jimmy the Exploder on said:

    Very cool article and photos!

  15. Richard on said:

    Is there some way to be in contact with Pete. He seems to have a great deal of understanding of the workings of a Titan Base.

  16. Richard on said:

    Is there some way to contact Pete? He seems to have a wealth of understanding of a Titan Base.

  17. Robert S. on said:

    There is a Denver company, Backhoe Services, who have been given a contract by Elbert County to dismantle and demolish the remote site located near Elizabeth, Colorado in Elbert County..They plan on excavating the launch site, (Site 2C) demolishing all the structures including the silos, control center and powerhouse, selling the scrap, restoring the landscape and be done in 6 months!!

    They just don’t have a clue what they are getting into..

    Sometime in 1961, a tragic accident at Site 1A, the closest site to Denver, saw one of the silo doors accidentally energized when they were attempting to purge the air from the hydraulic system..The door swung past center and slammed shut, trapping 6(?) workmen underneath..The door closed to within 1/4″ of it’s normal closed position…Medics were placed in bosun’s chairs and hoisted up to the door flange to trim off the body parts that extended out from under the door..IT TOOK THE AIR-FORCE AND THE MARTIN COMPANY MONTHS BEFORE THEY COULD FIGURE OUT A WAY TO OPEN THAT DOOR AND COMPLETE THE RECOVERY OF THOSE MEN..

    This contractor, Backhoe Services can’t even BEGIN to salvage and demolish this site until they too figure out how to open the badly fractured doors..(The original salvers pushed them closed with a dozer having stripped the original hydraulics from the silos..I’m not sure about the weight of the doors, but I THINK it’s around 128 tons each, more than any locally available crane can lift..Not that there is anything to attach lifting lines to…Finished in 6 months? Not! I hope somebody films the door opening if they are able to do it….

  18. Robert F walker A1C on said:

    I dont remember that bull about it taking that long to open the doors.By the way they were 116 tons
    per silo door,(missile silo door) That was the site I was on scheduled to work. One day on and three days off. It was the 451st missile wing. 724th stratigic missile squadron. Good duty!
    I was a 56150E titan missile Facility Electrician WOW I can’t believe I still remember all that
    crap. I do remember I was discharged Oct 11 1963.
    Bob walker

  19. Dennis Merr on said:

    Sadly, Backhoe services DID have a clue of what they were doing on the Dismantling part, as they salvaged, then destroyed the Sturgis SD site- but the Elizabeth site was partially saved, due to BS not waiting for approval, or submitting proper permits before starting excavation- from what i saw in pics, some of the tunnelway to the antenna silos was removed, possibly the tunnel junction at the antenna silos, before they were stopped, then forcibly removed from the site- its been 2 years now and the county just got approval to repair the ground to they way it was before BS dug it up- no plans on the Missile base at this point

    Pete has a site- Search Chromehooves

  20. Roy Giacone on said:

    I worked in the Ellsworth AFB Site C as a Power Production Tech for almost 2 years and was with the 44th MMS squadron. Unlike the launch crews who pulled duties on a 24 hour basics we would come and go daily and do maintenance checks. I too was very impressed on what I saw at these complexes. Of course, I was a young and impressionable airman. I remember in the picture above, with the airman in the white jump clothes, to be part of the weapons team members. The launch crew, which I believe were all officers, also wore white but I never saw one go into the silos, not saying they never did so.

    Nice to be able to back up and remember these things about Titan 1 sites. Thanks,

  21. J Graham on said:

    Good and accurate story. I was part of the crew who installed all of the hardware at the Deer Trail, COL. site 2B. The system was designed, manufactured and installed by American Machine & Foundrey. The actual work was done be Morrison,Knudson & Hartman. I worked for AMF as an installation inspector in 1962/63. We completed the installation and system testing and turned the whole complex over to the AIr Force about June 1963. The missle contractor was Martin Co. who we interfaced with for final missle installation and system testing. Fantastic job.

  22. Thomas Baker on said:

    My father, Donald Baker, was one of the four men killed when the silo door fell on August 7, 1961. I have extensively researched and written about the incident. It didn’t take two months for the door to be lifted. My father was the last body to be removed three days after the accident. I have all the local newspaper articles and many from around the nation. I met with a man who was moments away from being another casualty. It was a national news story and was even in the New York Times. The untold story and history of the site is amazing.

  23. Thomas Baker on said:

    Bob Walker I would enjoy getting in contact with you as you could possibly answer some of the details I am researching. ThB

  24. G. Morris on said:

    J Graham – Did you ever hear of a “Titan memory room” at the AMF headquarters in New York? There was mention of it in an old AMF brochure posted on the Epitaph for the Titan site ( Would love to find out what happened to it.

    Also, I once talked to the owner of the Sturgis site – he ran a company that demolished missile sites around the Great Plains (Atlas and Minuteman, I think). He wanted to dig a lake where the Titan site was, so he started salvaging it when the price of steel spiked. Had to pump it out first, which took a year and a half. Backhoe Services contacted him, and he let them demolish the rest of the control and power domes, which didn’t have much steel in them. Too bad for history – that site was supposedly one of the most complete.

  25. I have been reading about these sites for a long time now and just explored one for the first time last night outside Deerfield co. I have been looking for more all morning and i can’t believe I found this article. After about 5 hours underground we went down the very last tunnel and about half way down my buddy jumps up and yells and when I turned around there was a tiny black and yellow salamander!! We looked for more but that was the only one. This is way crazy!! By the way if you can I highly recommend checking one of these out!!

  26. Stephen King on said:

    As a Titan II missile crew chief I can assure you that the Titan I was not the only missile system in our inventory that used shock absorbers on platforms nor was it the largest . It’s done simply to prevent a nuclear blast shock wave from destroying the ability of the equipment to function. There is actually a Titan II museum near Tucson Arizona but I don’t think the curator was every assigned to the LGM025C weapon system. I actually have a yearbook that was done about the Titan II somewhere in the early 70’s which discusses their history and shows pictures. The Launch Control Center (LCC) of the Titan I looks very similar to the Titan II. Oh and by the way, the dash One was the operations crew technical manual describing the exact order for performing briefings and for the crew daily inspections.

  27. Stephen King on said:

    Correction, the complex for the Titan I was apparently more surface area than the Titan II missile systems. Never visited the Titan I’s or even knew of them when I was stationed in Tucson with the 390 Strategic Missile Wing from 1969-1980. The 3901st Inspection Team inspected Titan IIs and Missileman units in that period.

  28. Dennis Merr on said:

    in Sheer square footage, the Titan I complexes Dwarf the Titan II sites, i HAVE been in the same California site talked about here- i have read the Specs on both sites (Atlas sites too)- simple math- 3 Launchers are simply more square footage than one, the Powerhouse is non existant in Titan II sites, and the LCC is much larger at the Titan I sites i have said it before- Check out

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